PNR100 - Role Development for the Practical Nurse

Outline information
Schools offering this subject
Last revision date 2018-06-05 14:05:06.699
Last review date 2018-06-06 13:36:20.963

Subject Title
Role Development for the Practical Nurse

Subject Description
This subject is an introduction to Practical Nursing as a profession.  Students will examine professional behavior in themselves and in others including the roles and responsibilities of the practical nurse.  Additionally, students learn about the history of nursing, the Canadian Healthcare System, legislation as it relates to nursing, the College of Nurses of Ontario (CNO) and the professional organizations that influence nursing practice. The multidisciplinary healthcare team and culture with an emphasis on nursing care is studied as well.

Credit Status
1 Credit towards the Practical Nurse Diploma Program.

Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this subject the student will be able to:

Upon completion of this subject, the student will be able to:

  1. Identify the key concepts of the nursing theorists and how they describe the concepts of nursing, health, environment and human beings.
  2. Describe and evaluate the elements of nurse-client therapeutic relationship and therapeutic communication, and how they are essential in creating a caring environment.
  3. Explains the impact of one’s own values and beliefs on the nurse-client therapeutic relationships, therapeutic communication and interprofessional relationships.
  4. Explain the meaning of client-centred care and advocating for clients; the importance of respecting confidentiality and privacy in all forms of communication, and the sharing of information with the circle of care.
  5. Explain the components of obtaining consent and the differences between informed, expressed and implied consent.
  6. Identify members of the multidisciplinary healthcare team and the behaviours that create effective teams and working in collaborative relationships.
  7. Describe the concepts of culture and diversity and how they impact nursing practice, the clients care needs, and the Canadian peoples health (including Indigenous and displaced people).
  8. Outline the history and organization of the Canadian the Health Care System, principles of Canada’s Health Act, and patient’s Bill of Rights.
  9. Identify the role and function of College of Nurses of Ontario (CNO) as a regulatory body and the other nursing organizations in Canada that influences nursing profession.
  10. Explain how the CNO impacts the role and responsibilities of the Registered Practical Nurse, and the implication of the CNO Professional Standards and Guidelines on the nursing profession.
CNO Entry to Practice Competencies (identified in subject outline and weekly course objectives):
 Develops a therapeutic relationship with clients.
 Identifies clients’ health care needs in a caring environment that facilitates achieving mutually agreed health outcomes.
Uses a theory-based approach.
 Demonstrates knowledge in nursing, health and social sciences.
 Promotes clients’ rights and responsibilities by: a) Obtaining client consent prior to initiating nursing care.
 Promotes clients’ rights and responsibilities by: b) Protecting clients’ rights by respecting confidentiality, privacy, dignity and self-determination as part of the plan of care.
Demonstrates knowledge of therapeutic communication.
 Advocates for clients’ rights. Selects communication techniques that are appropriate for the client’s circumstances needs.
 Collaborates with the interprofessional health care team in developing a client’s plan of care. 
With the client’s consent, includes family and designated representatives in care delivery.
Provides care that demonstrates an awareness of client diversity.
 Accountable for one’s decisions and actions by: a) Practising within one’s role and responsibilities.
Respects clients’ diversity and decisions.
Identifies the effects on one’s values, beliefs and personal experiences on the therapeutic nurse-client relationship.
 Identifies how one’s values, beliefs and assumptions affects interaction among members of the interprofessional health care team.
 Demonstrates knowledge of the distinction between ethical responsibilities and legal rights and their relevance when providing nursing care.
 Demonstrates knowledge of informed consent as it applies in multiple contexts.
Respects and preserves clients’ rights based on a code of ethics or ethical framework (for example, safe, compassionate, competent and ethical care; informed decision-making; dignity; privacy and confidentiality; and being accountable).
 Shares appropriate information about clients’ care with the interprofessional health care team while respecting confidentiality.
 Establishes appropriate professional boundaries with clients including the distinction between social and therapeutic relationships.
Establishes and maintains a caring environment that supports clients in achieving optimal health outcomes, goals to manage illness or a peaceful death.
 Demonstrates behaviours that contribute to an effective and therapeutic nurse-client relationships.
 Provides care for clients while being respectful of diversity.
 Demonstrates support for clients making informed decisions about their health care and respects those decisions.
 Advocates for clients or their representatives, especially when they are unable to advocate for themselves.
 Based on ethical and legal considerations, maintains client confidentiality in all forms of communication.
Uses self-awareness to support compassionate and culturally safe client care.
Evaluates appropriate professional boundaries with clients including the distinction between social and therapeutic relationships.
 Identifies the unique role and competencies of each member of the interprofessional health care team.
Identifies the organization of the health care system at all levels: b) Municipal; c) Provincial; d) National.
 Enacts the principle that the primary purpose of the nurse is to practice in the best interest of the public and to protect from harm.
Evaluates self-awareness that the primary aims of the nurse are to practice in the best interest of the public and to protect the public from harm.
Demonstrates knowledge of the different mandates of: a) The College and Self-regulation; b) Professional organization (such as the Registered Practical Nurses Association of Ontario (RPNAO) and the Registered Nurses Association of Ontario (RNAO).
 Demonstrates professional conduct by: a) Adhering to the standards of practice of the profession.

Cheating and Plagiarism
Each student should be aware of the College's policy regarding Cheating and Plagiarism. Seneca's Academic Policy will be strictly enforced.

To support academic honesty at Seneca College, all work submitted by students may be reviewed for authenticity and originality, utilizing software tools and third party services. Please visit the Academic Honesty site on for further information regarding cheating and plagiarism policies and procedures.

All students and employees have the right to study and work in an environment that is free from discrimination and/or harassment. Language or activities that defeat this objective violate the College Policy on Discrimination/Harassment and shall not be tolerated. Information and assistance are available from the Student Conduct Office at

Accommodation for Students with Disabilities
The College will provide reasonable accommodation to students with disabilities in order to promote academic success. If you require accommodation, contact the Counselling and Disabilities Services Office at ext. 22900 to initiate the process for documenting, assessing and implementing your individual accommodation needs.