LGL102 - Contracts and Torts

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Last revision date Sep 30, 2019 12:07:28 AM
Last review date Nov 11, 2019 12:15:02 AM

Subject Title
Contracts and Torts

Subject Description
This subject introduces the students to two basic areas of the law, namely contracts and torts. Contracts form the foundation of commerce in today's complex society. In this segment of the subject the student learns what a contract is, when it is valid, how it may end, how a party deals with breach of contract, and the role of the courts in enforcing contracts and awarding damages for their breach. In the segment dealing with torts, the student learns about various aspects of tort law, with a particular focus on negligence, liability without fault, tort damages and common statutory torts.

Credit Status
This is a credit course applicable to the Law Clerk and Justice Administration Services Diploma Programs offered through the School of Legal, Public and Office Administration, and Paralegal Certificate program offered through the Faculty of Continuing Education and Training.

Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this subject the student will be able to:

1. For the contracts segment of this subject, explain and analyze:

the nature of a contract and its use and value in society
the elements of a valid contract (e.g., intention, offer, acceptance, consideration, legality, form)
the formal requirements necessary to create a valid contract
conditions, warranties and implied terms
privity of contract and assignment of contract rights
contractual defects (e.g., mistake,misrepresentation, undue influence, duress)
methods of discharging a contract
methods of breaching a contract
remedies for breach of contract

2. For the torts segment of this subject,

a)  explain and analyze the following concepts related to tort law:

intentional torts and defences
negligence law and defences
occupier's liability law and defences
strict liability law and defences
vicarious liability law and defences
remedies in tort law
determination of damages
the different levels of guilty mentality in the commission of a tortious act

b) develop the ability to apply the law to fact situations related to specific intentional torts, negligence and occupiers' liability, and the defences to these.

3. Interpret the provisions of the Limitations Act and relevant case law.

4. Display an attitude of professionalism, as evidenced by an ability to meet deadlines, complete assignments and perform tests and in-class assignments as scheduled.

Essential Employability Skills
Communicate clearly, concisely and correctly in the written, spoken and visual form that fulfils the purpose and meets the needs of the audience.

Respond to written, spoken, or visual messages in a manner that ensures effective communication.

Apply a systematic approach to solve problems.

Use a variety of thinking skills to anticipate and solve problems.

Locate, select, organize, and document information using appropriate technology and information systems.

Analyze, evaluate, and apply relevant information from a variety of sources.

Show respect for diverse opinions, values, belief systems, and contributions of others.

Interact with others in groups or teams in ways that contribute to effective working relationships and the achievement of goals.

Manage the use of time and other resources to complete projects.

Take responsibility for one's own actions, decisions, and consequences.

Academic Integrity
Seneca upholds a learning community that values academic integrity, honesty, fairness, trust, respect, responsibility and courage. These values enhance Seneca's commitment to deliver high-quality education and teaching excellence, while supporting a positive learning environment. Ensure that you are aware of Seneca's Academic Integrity Policy which can be found at: http://www.senecacollege.ca/about/policies/academic-integrity-policy.html Review section 2 of the policy for details regarding approaches to supporting integrity. Section 2.3 and Appendix B of the policy describe various sanctions that can be applied, if there is suspected academic misconduct (e.g., contract cheating, cheating, falsification, impersonation or plagiarism).

Please visit the Academic Integrity website http://open2.senecac.on.ca/sites/academic-integrity/for-students to understand and learn more about how to prepare and submit work so that it supports academic integrity, and to avoid academic misconduct.

All students and employees have the right to study and work in an environment that is free from discrimination and/or harassment. Language or activities that defeat this objective violate the College Policy on Discrimination/Harassment and shall not be tolerated. Information and assistance are available from the Student Conduct Office at student.conduct@senecacollege.ca.

Accommodation for Students with Disabilities
The College will provide reasonable accommodation to students with disabilities in order to promote academic success. If you require accommodation, contact the Counselling and Accessibility Services Office at ext. 22900 to initiate the process for documenting, assessing and implementing your individual accommodation needs.