EVL285 - Terrestrial Ecosystems

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Last revision date Sep 24, 2018 12:08:52 AM
Last review date Nov 29, 2018 11:09:32 PM

Subject Title
Terrestrial Ecosystems

Subject Description
Prior to European settlement, Ontario was densely covered with mixed forest and scattered meadows. Driven primarily by agriculture, much of the southern part of the province has been cut over, reducing forests to small islands. Some wildlife species benefited from the change and others declined. Many pest species thrive. This subject explores the habitat and biology of organisms in the different types of terrestrial ecosystems of Ontario. Emphasis is on understanding what contributes to a healthy ecosystem and how we can restore biological diversity in degraded ones.

Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this subject the student will be able to:

  1. Describe the characteristics which define the different types of terrestrial systems.
  2. Recognize the stages of ecosystem change.
  3. Assess the resources and procedures involved in plant and animal identification.
  4. Identify a list of plant and animal species common in Ontario.
  5. Describe the structure, life histories and habitat requirements of the major animal
    groups of Ontario.
  6. Identify the major biogeochemical cycles.
  7. Evaluate  the biotic and abiotic factors composing terrestrial habitat.
  8. Outline the techniques of planting and restoring terrestrial habitat.

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