CIA230 - Investigation and Evidence

Outline information
Schools offering this subject
Last revision date Sep 30, 2019 12:03:51 AM
Last review date Dec 2, 2019 12:15:02 AM

Subject Title
Investigation and Evidence

Subject Description
This course provides students with the opportunity to develop their investigative knowledge and skills. The investigative process and the rules surrounding the admissibility of evidence as guided by the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, statute law and case law are covered. Students will identify the elements of a good investigation and examine statute and case law that applies to the rules of evidence and how they guide the collection and presentation of evidence in court. Emphasis will be placed on the rules of evidence associated with accessing digital devices, Internet-based, and social media/network investigations.

Credit Status
This is a required course in the Bachelors (Honours) of Crime and Intelligence Analysis.

Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this subject the student will be able to:

  1. Apply the rules of evidence as they relate to the investigative process and safety considerations.
  2. Distinguish between physical, trace, and impression evidence to determine the methodological approach in processing a crime scene.
  3. Discuss the duties of first responders to a crime scene and how those duties differ from other specialized personnel at the incident.
  4. Explain privacy and ethical issues in the collection of evidence during the investigative process.
  5. Analyze the investigative process of a crime scene for the purposes of developing a historical timeline.
  1. Describe the various types of evidence found on digital devices.
  2. Describe some techniques and methods police use to conduct online criminal investigations.
  3. Define open source information gathering techniques and explain best practices for using such techniques in criminal investigations.
  4. Outline best practices in the search of Internet and social network–based evidence.
  5. Describe investigative tools used to analyze digital evidence.

Essential Employability Skills
Communicate clearly, concisely and correctly in the written, spoken and visual form that fulfils the purpose and meets the needs of the audience.

Respond to written, spoken, or visual messages in a manner that ensures effective communication.

Apply a systematic approach to solve problems.

Use a variety of thinking skills to anticipate and solve problems.

Locate, select, organize, and document information using appropriate technology and information systems.

Analyze, evaluate, and apply relevant information from a variety of sources.

Interact with others in groups or teams in ways that contribute to effective working relationships and the achievement of goals.

Manage the use of time and other resources to complete projects.

Academic Integrity
Seneca upholds a learning community that values academic integrity, honesty, fairness, trust, respect, responsibility and courage. These values enhance Seneca's commitment to deliver high-quality education and teaching excellence, while supporting a positive learning environment. Ensure that you are aware of Seneca's Academic Integrity Policy which can be found at: Review section 2 of the policy for details regarding approaches to supporting integrity. Section 2.3 and Appendix B of the policy describe various sanctions that can be applied, if there is suspected academic misconduct (e.g., contract cheating, cheating, falsification, impersonation or plagiarism).

Please visit the Academic Integrity website to understand and learn more about how to prepare and submit work so that it supports academic integrity, and to avoid academic misconduct.

All students and employees have the right to study and work in an environment that is free from discrimination and/or harassment. Language or activities that defeat this objective violate the College Policy on Discrimination/Harassment and shall not be tolerated. Information and assistance are available from the Student Conduct Office at

Accommodation for Students with Disabilities
The College will provide reasonable accommodation to students with disabilities in order to promote academic success. If you require accommodation, contact the Counselling and Accessibility Services Office at ext. 22900 to initiate the process for documenting, assessing and implementing your individual accommodation needs.