CHM293 - Combustion Chemistry

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Last revision date Apr 8, 2019 11:20:00 AM
Last review date Apr 8, 2019 11:20:31 AM

Subject Title
Combustion Chemistry

Subject Description
This course covers the fundamentals of combustion chemistry. The combustion process and the fire characteristics of gaseous, liquid, and solid combustibles will be examined in detail.

Credit Status
One college course credit. This course is a pre-requisite for FDY493.

Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this subject the student will be able to:

  1. Use organic chemistry to differentiate between saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons and understand how fire relates to the fire tetrahedron, and factors that affect the combustion of materials;
  2. Understand that combustion is an oxidation-reduction reaction; the differences between flaming and non-flaming combustion; chemical mechanisms of combustion and how combustion starts, spreads and can be terminated;
  3. Calculate stoichiometric oxygen-fuel ratios and air-fuel ratios for various hydrocarbons from balanced chemical equations;
  4. Calculate heat release rates from various fuels and the heat absorbed by water as it turns to steam in the fighting of a fire with water;
  5. Calculate the vapour densities and concentration of various gases;
  6. Explain the mechanics of gaseous combustion, the parameters of various ignition types, and flammability limits of various flammable gases;
  7. Identify the various types of liquid fires, the difference between flash point and fire point, and the conditions for the combustion of liquids, BLEVE, and Boilover;
  8. Describe the combustion of solid fuels, pyrolysis, gasification, heat loss from surfaces, heat release and flame spread rates, combustion of synthetic materials, and fire retardants.

Essential Employability Skills
Communicate clearly, concisely and correctly in the written, spoken and visual form that fulfils the purpose and meets the needs of the audience.

Respond to written, spoken, or visual messages in a manner that ensures effective communication.

Execute mathematical operations accurately.

Apply a systematic approach to solve problems.

Use a variety of thinking skills to anticipate and solve problems.

Analyze, evaluate, and apply relevant information from a variety of sources.

Manage the use of time and other resources to complete projects.

Take responsibility for one's own actions, decisions, and consequences.

Academic Integrity
Seneca upholds a learning community that values academic integrity, honesty, fairness, trust, respect, responsibility and courage. These values enhance Seneca's commitment to deliver high-quality education and teaching excellence, while supporting a positive learning environment. Ensure that you are aware of Seneca's Academic Integrity Policy which can be found at: Review section 2 of the policy for details regarding approaches to supporting integrity. Section 2.3 and Appendix B of the policy describe various sanctions that can be applied, if there is suspected academic misconduct (e.g., contract cheating, cheating, falsification, impersonation or plagiarism).

Please visit the Academic Integrity website to understand and learn more about how to prepare and submit work so that it supports academic integrity, and to avoid academic misconduct.

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Accommodation for Students with Disabilities
The College will provide reasonable accommodation to students with disabilities in order to promote academic success. If you require accommodation, contact the Counselling and Accessibility Services Office at ext. 22900 to initiate the process for documenting, assessing and implementing your individual accommodation needs.